By Alan J. Hauser, Duane F. Watson
In the beginning look, it could actually appear unusual that when greater than thousand years of biblical interpretation, there are nonetheless significant disagreements between biblical students approximately what the Jewish and Christian Scriptures say and approximately how one is to learn and comprehend them. but the diversity of interpretive methods now on hand is the end result either one of the richness of the biblical texts themselves and of transformations within the worldviews of the groups and people who have sought to make the Scriptures appropriate to their very own time and position. A historical past of Biblical Interpretation offers special and huge stories of the translation of the Scriptures by way of Jewish and Christian writers in the course of the a while. Written by way of across the world popular students, this multivolume paintings comprehensively treats the various varied tools of interpretation, the numerous very important interpreters who've written in quite a few eras, and the various key concerns that experience surfaced again and again over the lengthy process biblical interpretation. this primary quantity of A historical past of Biblical Interpretation explores interpreters and their tools within the historic interval, from the very earliest levels to the time whilst the canons of Judaism and Christianity won common popularity. the 1st a part of the ebook concentrates at the use of the Scriptures inside Judaism. Chapters research inner-biblical exegesis within the Tanak, the advance of the Septuagint, the exegetical strategy of Philo of Alexandria, biblical interpretation within the useless Sea Scrolls and the Targumim, the character of rabbinic midrash, the stabilization of the Hebrew Bible, and the translation of the Bible within the Jewish Apocrypha and Pseudepigrapha.
The moment a part of the publication probes issues particular to Christian interpretation of the biblical texts. Chapters right here talk about how Israel's Scriptures are utilized in the recent testomony writings, the hermeneutical methods of the Apostolic Fathers and the Apologists, Alexandrian and Antiochene exegesis, the contributions of Jerome and Augustine, the formation of the recent testomony canon, and the translation of Scripture within the New testomony Apocrypha and Gnostic writings. as well as those in-depth reports, the quantity incorporates a huge advent via the editors that offers readers either a huge review of the first concerns and contours of old biblical interpretation as taken care of during this quantity and a way of sampling the ways that the major figures, colleges of interpretation, and matters mentioned interweave and distinction with one another. modern, balanced, and engagingly written, this terrific quantity -- and people to keep on with -- will quickly develop into a typical source at the heritage of biblical interpretation.
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Extra resources for A History of Biblical Interpretation, Volume 1: The Ancient Period
But their community would have viewed with skepticism such distinctions between Scripture and their own understanding of it, since in their view the former flowed clearly and unavoidably into the latter. They, as the elect, were uncovering Scripture's true meaning, which was being fulfilled in the life of their community. Certain factors must be kept in mind as one analyzes interpretation as practiced by this community. First, the boundaries of Israel's sacred writings were quite fluid for the writers of the DSS, with no clear delineation between books regarded as unmistakably scriptural and therefore authoritative and books that lay outside the bounds of Scripture (Davies, pp.
For example, in the case of scriptural texts which give signs that predict future events, the writers of these scriptural texts, in the view of the writers of the DSS, did not completely control the meanings of the signs contained in the scriptural texts, and as a result they may not have been fully aware of the implications of those signs (Davies, pp. 157-58). Therefore, the texts and their signs needed subsequent interpretation in order to unscramble the code that had been embedded in the text, and thereby to reveal God's true intentions for the end of the age.
However, among those to be mentioned from the period prior to the exile are these (in roughly chronological order): • the growing sense of community, of what it meant to be a part of Israel, among the premonarchic clans and tribes, • concomitant with this, a growing sense of separation from peoples, regions, and cities not a part of Israel, • despite this, the unavoidable cross-fertilization with cities, regions, countries, and religions with which Israel was in contact, • the gradual development of wealthy urban classes in the cities of the Northern and Southern Kingdoms (10th-6th centuries BCE), • the persistent influence of Canaanite and other religions on the religion of the Israelites, • the growing importance of the temple in Jerusalem and the priestly caste associated with it, in both preexilic Judah and postexilic Palestinian Judaism, • the growth of the prophetic movement in the two preexilic kingdoms and its gradual disappearance during the postexilic period, and • the growing exposure of preexilic Israelites to international culture and wisdom, beginning as early as Solomon, growing especially after approximately 850 BCE, and intensifying dramatically after 587 BCE.
A History of Biblical Interpretation, Volume 1: The Ancient Period by Alan J. Hauser, Duane F. Watson